Persuasive Writing: The Carrot-and-Stick Strategy
The five-step process of written persuasion.
Certain types of writing involve doing your utmost to persuade
the reader to accept your recommendations. Business examples
of persuasion include:
* arguing for more staff;
* assuring the boss of the merits of a new project;
* convincing management to continue with a worthwhile program;
* encouraging your manager to investigate a safety hazard;
* justifying a budget increase;
* promoting your innovative business strategy;
* selling a product or service; and
* supporting your position over that of others.
There’s a five-step process that I call the carrot-and-stick
strategy. It can be very effective in such situations. The
strategy is this: the following five elements should be in
*every* attempt to persuade:
1. A clear statement of the reader’s problem.
2. A clear statement of the consequences for the reader of not
solving the problem.
3. A clear statement of your proposed solution to the problem.
4. A clear statement of the benefits to the reader of solving
5. A clear request for a specific action; e.g. “Please sign and
return this application”.
Let’s look at these five elements in further detail.
1. THE PROBLEM
If you want to get a sleeping teenager out of bed, simply telling
him or her to get up may be only marginally effective. Pointing
out that the house is on fire is likely to be far more so. Why?
The first approach may be perceived as just another annoying
request for compliance. The second, though, presents a problem:
So, if I want to persuade someone to do something then the first
step in the carrot-and-stick strategy is to convince him or her
that they have a problem that needs to be solved.
Little other than self-interest motivates some people; others can
be paralysed by indecision and only act when compelled. No matter
the situation, no matter the person, one of the best ways to put
people in the mood to act is to convince them that they have a
In an unsolicited case or proposal this is especially important
as the reader may be completely unaware of the existence of the
problem, and it will be your job to walk them through it.
Of course, some cases and proposals will be solicited, in which
case the reader presumably already knows that there’s a problem
that needs solving. In such cases, you may need to spend less
time explaining it to them.
Never skip this step, though, as the reader may have forgotten the
problem since you last discussed it. Alternately, she or he may
be underestimating how severe it is.
2. THE CONSEQUENCES
Having demonstrated to the reader (in whatever depth is
necessary) that they have a problem, the second step in the
carrot-and-stick strategy is to outline the dire consequences to
them of not acting.
List and discuss all the problems and threats that are faced if
the problem is not addressed: financial, environmental, P.R.,
social, I.T., everything. This is the stick element of the
carrot-and-stick strategy. You’re (figuratively) beating him or
her with all of the dreadful things that might happen if nothing
is done to address the problem.
Not surprisingly, this is a very persuasive technique for putting
someone in a frame of mind where they’re ready — and probably
quite desperate — to find and apply a solution.
3. THE SOLUTION
Now that the client is in a receptive frame of mind, you reel
them in by describing your solution to their problem.
4. THE BENEFITS
Having described your proposed solution, you now dangle the
carrot by waxing lyrical about all of the benefits and features
that it provides. Describe all of its good points: financial,
environmental, P.R., social, I.T., everything.
See what we’ve done in these first four steps? We’ve established
a need, described the solution to that need, and then lauded the
benefits of that solution. This carrot-and-stick strategy is a
highly effective way of persuading people to say yes.
5. THE CLOSING REQUEST FOR ACTION
Commercials often use phrases such as “Act now!” and “For a
limited time only”. Used-car salesmen are notorious for phrases
such as “I can only do this deal today”. These are all examples
of closes: lines that try to get you to act immediately on the
proposal that’s in front of you.
The final element of the carrot-and-stick strategy is to close
with a specific request for action. You’ve presented your case,
and the reader is motivated to act. It would be a shame to have
gone to all this trouble only to waste it now.
Make a specific request, now, while you’ve got their interest.
* Please sign and return the attached application.
* Please alter the budget accordingly.
* Please call Jane at Human Resources and authorise her to
place the ad.
* Please phone Bill and express your support for this idea.
End with a firm and clear request for some immediate action, or
you run the risk that the reader will put your case or proposal
to one side. You want them to act now, while it’s fresh in their
minds, so tell them what you want them to do.
You’ll find many more helpful tips like these in Tim North’s much applauded range of e-books. FREE SAMPLE CHAPTERS are available, and all books come with a money-back guarantee. http://www.BetterWritingSkills.com