Distinctions: EQ v. IQ







DEFINITIONS

EQ – is a measure of your emotional intelligence, or your
ability to use both your emotions and cognitive skills in
your life. Emotional intelligence competencies include but
are not limited to empathy, intuition, creativity,
flexibility, resilience, coping, stress management,
leadership, integrity, authenticity, intrapersonal skills
and interpersonal skills.

IQ – a number used to express the apparent relative
intelligence of a person that is the ratio multiplied by 100
of the mental age as reported on a standardized test to the
chronological age. IQ is the measure of cognitive abilities,
such as the ability to learn or understand or to deal with
new situations; the skilled use of reason; the ability to
apply knowledge to manipulate one’s environment or to think
abstractly as measured by objective criteria (as tests);
mental acuteness; logic and analytical skills.

COMPARISONS

EQ gets you through life vs. IQ gets you through school

Appealing to reason and emotions to convince someone vs.
Trying to convince someone by facts alone

Using your emotions as well as your cognitive abilities to
function more effectively vs. Relying solely on your
cognitive skills

EXAMPLE

Samuel had a high IQ. He could reason, was analytical and
logical, and had a steel-trap focus on tasks. He learned new
things quickly. However, he ignored how he was feeling and
how others were feeling. If things didn’t do the way he
expected them to, he would lose his temper and lash out at
others. He was unable to relate to people who weren’t as
smart as he was and lacked empathy. This limited his ability
to be effective in team situations even though his IQ was
very high.

Jose had a high EQ. He got along well with people, and
managed his own emotions well. This made him highly
effective in his work, even though there were others in the
firm with higher IQs. Jose was able to consider the
emotional component of interactions, using both his
cognitive abilities and his understanding of emotions. He
was able to influence and motivate people because he
understood what mattered to them and was an excellent
communicator. His authenticity and integrity made him a
natural leader. He was flexible and creative when faced with
a challenge, and resilient in the face of temporary defeats.
He was well-liked and well-respected.

KEY POINT

Your EQ has more to do with your success and happiness in
life than your IQ and emotional intelligence can be learned.

RELATED DISTINCTIONS

Knowing how and why vs. Knowing what

Knowing how to motivate each person vs. Treating everying as
if they operated the same way which they don’t

Managing emotions and using them for good results vs. Being
at the mercy of emotions because you don’t understand them
or know how to work with them.

BENEFITS

When you recognize the difference between EQ and IQ, you can
work to develop your EQ. It can be learned but has often
been neglected in our education both at home and at school.

© Susan Dunn, MA, The EQ Coach, http://www.susandunn.cc. Coaching, distance learning, and ebooks around emotional intelligence for your continued personal and professional
development. I train and certify EQ coaches. Get in this field, dubbed “white hot” by the press, now, before it’s
crowded. Start tomorrow, no residence requirement. sdunn@susandunn.cc for free ezine and more info.